what it is and what are the symptoms?

There are many different types of E. coli and while some live quite harmlessly in the gut, others can cause a variety of diseases, including serious ones.

The most common E. coli-related conditions occur in the gut, but the bacteria can also cause urinary tract infections.

How is E. coli transmitted?

E. coli can be transmitted to humans through:

  • contaminated water and food, especially fruits and vegetables (often eaten raw, unpasteurized milk, undercooked meat);
  • hands not washed properly after contact with an infected animal or animal feces;
  • hands not washed properly after contact with an infected person.
  • What are the typical symptoms of an Escherichia coli infection?

In general, symptoms appear 3-4 days after infection and depend on the affected site.

Gastrointestinal Escherichia coli infections are characterized by:

  • diarrhea
  • nausea
  • vomit
  • abdominal cramps
  • occasional fever.

Escherichia coli urinary tract infections are manifested by:

  • have to urinate often
  • pain and burning sensation during urination
  • pelvic pain
  • a fever.

Are certain people more at risk for E. coli?

All age groups are at risk, but intestinal infections can be particularly serious in children and the elderly, as these groups are more likely to have complications such as haemolytic uremic syndrome.

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